Greg Henry, (423)-558-7591(H), (423)-974-8298(W), ghenry@cs.utk.edu    (e-mail)

 

The Attacks (Grabs- Tori/Dori):                                Version 1.500302

   Single hand grab on same side:     Katate Dori

   Single hand grab on opposite side: Kosa Dori (or Katate Kosa Dori)

   Two hands on one wrist:            Ryote Mochi (or Katate Dori Ryote Mochi)

   Two hands on two hands:            Ryote Dori

   One hand shoulder grab:            Kata Dori

   Two hands on shoulders:            Ryokata Dori

   Strangulation:                     Kubi Shime

   Lapel hold (one or two hand):      Mune Dori

   Grab shoulder/lapel, and strike:   Kata Menage

   Double wrist hold from behind:     Ushiro Tekubi Tori  (Ushiro Ryo-tori)

   Double elbow hold from behind:     Ushiro Hiji Tori

   Strangulation from behind:         Ushiro Kubi Shime

   Double shoulder hold from behind:  Ushiro Kata Tori

   Bear hug from behind:              Ushiro Tori

   Arm holding arms from behind:      Ushiro Ude Tori

   Grab wrist and choke from behind:  Ushiro Katatetori Kubishime (Sankajyo)

   Grab one hand,moving to the other: Ushiro Mawari

 

The Attacks (Hits):

   Stomach punch:            Munetsuki

   Face punch:               Ganmentsuki

   Overhead strike:          Shomen-uchi   (uke must be in gyaku-hanmi)

   Circular strike (45 deg): Yokomen-uchi   *

   Circular strike (22 deg): Kesa-gake uchi *

   Sideways torso strike   : Do-uchi

   Shoulder push:            Kata-oshi

   Roundhouse kick:          Mawashi-geri

   Front kick:               Maegeri

 

*:Note that Kesagake and Yokomen really refer to a position on the attacked and

not an angle.  Kesagake is toward the shoulder, hence usually implying a

steeper angle than Yokomen-uchi's temple cut.  One could extend this analogy to

say that Shomen-uchi is really a strike to the forehead and do-uchi is a strike

to the side/torso.  Kote-uchi, for example, means wrist strike and implies a

steeper angle than kesa-gake (10 degrees?).

 

The Defenses: (30+ at last count)

   Enkei

   Gokyo        (knife/tanto Shomen-uchi defense; top hand reversed from Ikkyo)

   Hane-kaeshi  (motion of lifting up to change direction; salutations move;

                 short kiri-; continuous motion from Ushiro Mawari for example)

   Hiji-gatame  (elbow pin; Yokomenuchi Irimi Hijigamate for example)

   Hiji-otoshi  (elbow drop)

   Hiki-otoshi  (pull drop, usually used in Ushiro Kata Hikiotoshi)

   Hiza-otoshi  (or, Pete's bogus leg techniques; knee drop)

   Ikkyo

   Irimi Nage   (Charge them first)

   Jujinage     (Arm entwining throw)

   Jumonji Nage (Arm twist throw: another name for jujinage?)

   Kaiten Nage  (Windmill/Spinning Arm/Rotary throw)

   Kiri-kaeshi  (figure 8: Spinning change of direction; good for Shomen-uchi

                 or Tenkan Nikyo for example)

   Kokyu Nage   (breath throw)

   Koshihineri  (hip twist?)

   Koshinage    (hip throw)

   Kote Gaeshi

   Makiokomi    (A vertical enkei-like motion: who knows?)

   Makiotoshi   (Circular throw, good for Yokomen-uchi)

   Nikyo

   Oonami       (Sometimes Ohnami; Big Wave, good for Ryote Dori)

   Sankyo

   Sayo-undo    (Left/Right Pile of Bricks on Chest Throw)

   Sayu-Kaeshi Ikkyo (The "double ikkyo" for two person Futari-Ryotedori)

   Shiho-nage   (four direction throw)

   Sudori       (atemi blow and run)

   Sumi-Otoshi  (arm under shoulder throw)

   Tenchi Nage  (heaven & earth)

   Waterfall    (Ushiro Kata Hikiotoshi; Hikiyose Otoshi; behind the back pull)

   Yonkyo

   Zenpo Nage

   (See also aiki-taiso, Zenshin Nage, Sasoikomi, etc.)

 

Weapons or Pertaining to Weapons:

(see also "Pertaining to Weapon Strikes" in the jogi/kengi section)

   Bokken: Light wooden sword.  Wood katana.

   Bokuto: Same as Bokken.

   Chudan-no-kamae: Middle stance with sword to throat (also called seigan...)

   Gedan-no-kamae: Lower stance with sword.

   Hasso-no-kamae: Stance with sword raised vertically near the side.

   Jodan-no-kamae: High stance with sword above head posed to strike.

   Katana: Metal Japanese Samarai Sword.

   Kissaki: Tip or point of sword.

   Seigan-no-kamae: Middle stance again.  See Chudan-no-kamae.

   Tachi-tori: Disarming Bokken Attack.

   Tsuka: Handle of sword.

   Wakizashi: Short sword.

   _____

   Gokyo: Defensive technique for shomen-uchi tantotori.

   Tanto:  Knife.

   Tantotori: Disarming Knife attack.

   _____

   Jo-ken Awase: 3 people using jo & bokken while doing jo #1

   Jo-nage: Throwing opponent using the jo.

   Jo-tori: Disarm jo attack.

   Jo-awase: Blending with jo attack.

 

Pertaining to Weapons Strikes: (in the jogi/kengi section)

 

Nice Lingo:

   Aikido: Way of life through harmony with nature.

   Banyu Aigo No Seishin: Spirit of Loving Protection for all things.

   Chudo: The middle path; path of moderation.

   Dochu-no-sei: Calmness in action.

   Domo arigato gozaimashita: Thank you very very much (end of class).

   Enkei-ho: Principle of circular motion.

   En No Hongi: Principle of circular motion.

   Fudoshin: A self-controlled mind

   Fudotai: A self-controlled body.

   Gogo-no-shugyo: Training after realization (understanding).

   Hitoashi Yokete: Step Aside

   Katsujin-ken: Sword to let live.

   Ken-to-shodo: Sword and first move.

   Ki-no-Myoyo-o-Tadashiku: The proper usage of the mysterious power of ki.

   Ki-no-nagare: Free flowing of ki.

   Koki: Self challenge

   Kuri Dori: Control your Enemy's Spirit

   Ma-ai: Distance between uke and nage.

   Matskatsu-Agatsu: True victory is victory over oneself

   Misogi: A breathing method; spiritual purification.

   Mu-shin: No mind.

   Nage: The defender.

   Onegai-shimasu: Please practice with me (beginning of class).

   Otonashi-no-kamae: The Soundless Stance (avoiding contact of weapons! :-(  )

   Satsujin-ken: Sword to kill or destroy.

   Seidokan: Earnest, Real, Sincere

   Shin-Tai-ki: Balance of Mind, Body, & Ki

   Shodo-o-seisu: Control the first move

   Shoshin-ni-kaeru: Return to basics.

   Shugyo: Making the arts part of oneself for oneself and others.

   Uke: The attacker.

 

Word Forming Phrases: Japanese to English

   Ashi    : leg or foot

   Atemi   : Defensive blow Nage uses to neutralize uke's ki

   Barai   : Sweep

   Bu      : Martial

   Chokayu : leap

   Do      : Path, road, way of life

   Enkei   : Circular shape

   Fudo    : Control

   Furi    : Wave.

   Futari  : Two person

   Gaeshi  : turn around; return; reverse.  Left/Down.  (Kote-): see kaeshi

   Ganmen  : Face

   Geri    : kick

   Hantai  : Opposite/reverse

   Harai   : Vertical upper cut

   Hidari  : Left side (pertaining to uke's left)

   Hiji    : Elbow

   Hikiyose: To pull toward you.

   Hiza    : knee

   Irimi   : entering in toward attacker w/o collision (w/o hip pivot)

   Kaeshi  : Turn about; like gaeshi.  Right/Up.  (Kiri-, Hane-): see gaeshi

   Kaiten  : Spinning/Rotary

   Kamae   : Stance

   Kata    : Shoulder/lapel

   Katate  : One hand (used in the case of a grab, for example)

   Ken     : Sword

   Koho    : To the rear; backward motion when facing forward.

   Kokyu   : leading, timing, or momentum.  Breath

   Kosa    : cross/intersect

   Koshi   : hips

   Kotai   : retreat

   Kote    : back of hand; small wrist; used if a wrist strike

   Kubi    : Throat/Neck

   Mae     : Front; forward.

   Migi    : Right Side (pertaining to uke's right)

   Miken   : Eyes

   Mochi   : Hold

   Momo    : Thigh

   Morote  : Two-arm

   Mune    : Chest or stomach region

   Nage    : to throw

   Ninin   : double

   Osae    : pinning

   Oshi    : Push

   Otoshi  : Drop

   Po      : Method

   Ryote   : Both hands

   Sa      : left (moving)

   Sayu    : Both Left and Right moving

   Shime   : Choke

   Sode    : Sleeve

   Sudori  : Atemi blow leading into an escape.

   Taiso   : Body skills

   Tekubi  : the wrists

   Tenkan  : stepping out and around, rotating the hips about a vertical axis.

   Tori    : to take

   Tsuki   : Thrust or stab with weapon or fist

   Ude     : Arm; Arm taking

   Undo    : Exercise

   Ushiro  : from behind, rear, or back

   Waza    : techniques

   Yari    : Straight Spear

   Yoko    : Side

   Yonin   : Quadruple

   Yu      : Right (moving)

   Yubi    : Finger

   Zenpo   : Forward direction

   Zenshin : Progress forward

 

Pertaining to Body parts: English to Japanese

   Arm; Arm taking: Ude

   Arms (two)     : Morote

   Chest/stomach  : Mune

   Elbow          : Hiji

   Eyes           : Miken

   Face           : Ganmen

   Finger         : Yubi

   Hand  (one)    : Katate

   Hands (both)   : Ryote

   Hips           : Koshi

   Knee           : Hiza

   Leg/foot       : Ashi

   Shoulder/lapel : Kata

   Sleeve         : Sode

   Thigh          : Momo

   Throat/Neck    : Kubi

   Wrist          : Kote

   Wrists         : Tekubi

 

Pertaining to Techniques: English to Japanese

(see more complete definitions in the Word Forming Phrases: J to E)

   Arm taking      : Ude

   Behind/rear     : Ushiro

   Big Wave        : Oonami

   Breath/Momentum : Kokyo

   Choke           : Shime

   Circular shape  : Enkei

   Cross           : Kosa

   Defensive blow  : Atemi

   Drop            : Otoshi

   Dual/Double     : Ninin

   Entering in     : Irimi

   Entering Around : Tenkan

   Exercise        : Undo

   Forward Direct. : Zenpo

   Forward Progress: Zenshin

   Hit and Run     : Sudori (atemi blow leading into an escape)

   Hold            : Mochi

   Kick            : Geri

   Leap            : Chokayu

   Left            : Hidari

   Lure Towards    : Sasoikomi

   Method          : Po

   Opposite        : Hantai

   Pinning         : Osae

   Pull Towards    : Hikiyose

   Push            : Oshi

   Quadruple       : Yonin

   Retreat         : Kotai

   Reverse/Return  : Gaeshi

   Right           : Migi

   Side of         : Yoko

   Spinning        : Kaiten

   Stance          : Kamae

   Take            : Tori

   Techniques      : Waza

   Throw           : Nage

   Thrust/Stab     : Tsuki

   Two Person      : Futari

   Upper cut       : Harai/Barai

   Wave            : Furi

 

Advanced Arts: Japanese to English

   Aiki-ryoho    : Therapy with Ki.

   Hanmi Handachi: Nage in seiza kneeling, UKE standing

   Henka Waza    : Dynamically changing the techniques as they progress

   Jiyuwaza      : Free style techniques

   Jo-Ken Awase  : 3 people using jo & bokken while doing jo #1

   Jo-tori       : Disarming Jo Attack (Uke has Jo)

   Jo-awase      : Blending with Jo Attack

   Jo-nage       : Throwing the Uke with the Jo.  (Nage starts with Jo).

   Kaeshi-waza   : Technique reversal.  Uke and Nage switch roles midway.

   Kiatsu        : Healing with Ki.

   Kokyu-dosa    : Specific blending exercise with partners kneeling.

   Randori       : All-out, multiple attackers, free-style

   Suwari Waza   : Both uke and nage are in kneeling position.

   Tachi-tori    : Disarming Bokken Attack

   Tachi-nage    : Throwing the Uke with the Bokken.  Nage starts with Bokken.

   Tanto-tori    : Disarming Knife Attack

 

Principles to Unify Mind and Body:

   Be sure to be consistent with the tests when teaching how to do it right

or demonstrating why not doing it is wrong.

   (Tohei Sensei calls these: Extend Ki, Relax Completely, Keep weight

underside, and Keep One point).

   1.) Let your ki flow:

         Test 1: Unbendable arm test. (Orenaite)

         Test 2: Form a ring with your forefinger and thumb.  Do an

                    "unbreakable" ring test.

         Test 3: Walking through a crowded room test.  If the walker is angry,

                    the ki is stopped up and collision occurs.  If the walker

                    is daydreaming, the ki is transparent and the walker never

                    gets anywhere.

         Test 4: Stand with the arm outstretched, palm out, and hand open.

                    Have tester push on the palm of the hand.

         Test 5: Grab two chairs, and lay across them and do an "unbendable"

                    body test.

   2.) Controlled Relaxation:

         Test 1: Have partner put their arm at their side.  Lift it.  If too

                    relaxed then its easy.  If too stiff, the whole body goes

                    over.  Solution: the middle path: controlled relaxation.

         Test 2: Holding a Bokken.  If held too tight and someone hits it

                    from the side it takes too long to return the bokken to

                    pointing at their throat.  Same with too loosely.

         Test 3: The "Liz" test.  Hold a largish piece of paper too tightly

                    and the paper wobbles.  Hold too loosely and you can hold

                    the paper level.

         Test 4: Katate Tori Tenkan.  Try this aiki-taiso.  It doesn't work

                    unless controlled relaxation is in place.

   3.) Settle Down

         Test 1: Have partner put their arm out to the side, parallel to

                    the ground.  Lift arm from underneath.  If they are

                    thinking about balloons at the top of the arm, its too

                    easy, if they are thinking about weight underside it isn't.

         Test 2: Two people lift someone who shifts from thinking light to

                    thinking heavy.

         Test 3: Full nelson.  If relaxed, easy.  If weight underside, no

                    strength is necessary but its hard.

   4.) Keep one point

         Test 1: Touch the top of the head and push the partner over (from

                    front or rear not the side!).  Next touch the one point

                    and try again.

         Test 2: Do the above test in seiza.

         Test 3: Have your partner try to pull you by the arm.  If they don't

                    connect with their one point, it won't work.

 

Applications of the Principles to Unify Mind and Body:

   1.) Breathing Exercise        (Misogi)

   2.) Aiki-Therapy              (Aiki-Ryoho)

   3.) Application in Daily Life (?)

 

Principles of Aikido:  (from Kobayashi Handout)

   1.) Control the first move               (shoto-o-seisu)

   2.) True Victory is victory over oneself (matsukatsu-agatsu)

   3.) Principle of Oneness

   4.) Principle of Circular Motion         (en-no hongi)

   5.) Range of Effectiveness

 

Misc. Principles of Aikido: (from Jim Wallace Handout)

(see also Nice Lingo section for more of these)

   6.) Principle of Ki

   7.) Middle Path                          (chudo)

   8.) Calmness in Action                   (dochu-no-sei)

   9.) Balance of Mind, Body, and Ki        (shin-tai-ki)

   10.) Controlled Mind and Body            (fudoshin fudotai)

   11.) Step Aside                          (hitoashi yokete)

   12.) Back to Basics                      (shoshi ni kaeru)

   13.) Training After Understanding        (gogo no shugyo)

   14.) No-mind                             (mu shin)

   15.) Self challenge                      (koki)

   16.) Spiritual Purification              (misogi)

   17.) Spirit of Loving Protection for all (Banyu Aigo No Seishin)

        Things

   18.) Know your Opponent's Mind           (Ai Te No Kokoro O Shi Ru)

   19.) Extend Ki                           (Ki Ga De Te I Ru)

   20.) Respect Your Opponent's Ki          (Ai Te No Kokoro O Shi Ru)

   21.) Put Yourself in the Place of your   (Ai Te No Tachi Ba Ni Ta Tsu)

        Opponent                       

   22.) Perform with Confidence             (Sotsu Sen Kyu Ko)

   23.) Control your Enemy's Spirit         (Kurai Dori)

   24.) The Visible & Invisible are One;    (Kenyu Ichinyo No)

        All things in the universe are One 

   25.) Expose Your right hand to the Sun;  (Migiteoba Hi Ni Arawashi; ..)

        Turn your left hand in the shade and( Hidarite Wa Kage Ni Kaeshite ..)

        lead the enemy                      ( Teki O Michibike)

   26.) The Samarai is the first to Suffer  (Shiwa Hito No Sakiinjite Yo-Oh ..)

        anxiety for human society, and he is( Urei Hito No Tanoshimite ..)

        the last to seek personal pleasure  ( Nochini Motute Tanoshimu)

 

The Seven Virtues of Budo:

(think: Be Happy Confucious Will Save Loyal Pupils, ie., BHCWSLP)

   1.) Benevolence             (Jin)

   2.) Honor or Justice        (Gi)

   3.) Courtesy or Etiquette   (Rei)

   4.) Wisdom or Intelligence  (Chi)

   5.) Sincerity               (Shin)

   6.) Loyalty                 (Chu)

   7.) Piety                   (Koh)

 

The Aiki-Taiso with Applications to Techniques

(see "Introduction To Aikido" by R. Kobayashi for complete details)

   1.) Nikyo-undo                    Tech: Katatedori Nikyo

   2.) Kotegaeshi-undo               Tech: Munetsuki Kotegaeshi

   3.) Sankyo-undo                   Tech: Ushiro Tekubitori Sankyo

   4.) Ikkyo-undo                    Tech: Munetsuki Hantai Ikkyo

   5.) Tekubi-shindo-undo            Tech: Bogus

   6.) Funakogi-undo                 Tech: Ryotedori Funakogi Drop

   7.) Shomenuchi Ikkyo-undo         Tech: Shomenuchi Hijiotoshi

   8.) Zengo-undo                    Tech: As above

   9.) Happo-undo                    Tech: As above

   10.) Tekubikosa-undo              Tech: Ryotedori Shihonage

            (double wrist break)

   11.) Johokosa-undo                Tech: Ryotedori Kotegaeshi

            (high wrist break- also called tekubi joho ..)

   12.) Enkei-undo                   Tech: Katatedori Sude Sasiokomi Kotegaeshi

   13.) Enkei Choyaku-undo           Tech: Enkei when being pulled Katatedori

   14.) Sayu Enkei-undo              Tech: Enkei from the front

   15.) Udefuri-undo                 Tech: Bogus

   16.) Udefuri Choyaku-undo         Tech: Yokomenuchi Makiotoshi (A)

   17.) Ushirotori Zenponage-undo    Tech: Ushirotori Zenponage

   18.) Ushiro Tekubitori Zenshinnage-undo

                                     Tech: Ushiro Tekubitori Zenshinnage

   19.) Ushiro Tekubitori Kotai-undo Tech: Ushiro Tekubitori Kotegaeshi

   20.) Katatetori Tenkan-undo       Tech: Katatetori Tenkan Zenponage

   21.) Ukemi Waza

          a.) Zenpo Kaiten-undo

          b.) Koho Tento-undo

 

The "Nage's": (the throws)

   Kokyu    : Breath

   Irimi    : Entering

   Juji     : Arm entwining

   Jumonji  : X/Ten/Cross throw.  (same as juji?)

   Kaiten   : Spinning Arm/Rotary

   Koshi    : Hip

   Shiho    : Four direction

   Tenchi   : Heaven and Earth

   Zenpo    : Forward

   Zenshin  : Forward progressing

  

The "Otoshi's": (the drops)

   Aiki/Ashi: Pulling knees out from behind uke

   Hiji     : Elbow

   Hiza     : Leg/Knee

   Irimi    : Entering drop (immediate)

   Kata Hiki: Waterfall technique from behind/ushiro (sometimes "hikiyose")

   Maki     : Circular

   Sumi     : Under the shoulder (corner drop)

   Uchi     : "Dropping" Strike.  As in jogi#1, move 9.

 

The "Kamae's": (the stances)

   Chudan-no-kamae  : Middle stance with sword to throat (also called seigan..)

   Gedan-no-kamae   : Lower stance with sword.

   Gyaku-no-kamae   : Reverse sword stance.

   Hasso-no-kamae   : Stance with sword raised vertically near the side.

   Jodan-no-kamae   : High stance with sword above head posed to strike.

   Otonashi-no-kamae: The Soundless Stance (avoiding contact of weapons! :-(  )

   Seigan-no-kamae  : Another name for Chudan-no-kamae

 

Counting to "10":

   1-> Ichi

   2-> Ni

   3-> San    (Yon)

   4-> Shi

   5-> Go

   6-> Roku

   7-> Shichi (Nana)

   8-> Hachi

   9-> Kyu    (Ku)

   10-> Ju

 

___________________________________________________________________________

Sample Defenses against a given attack:

 

Yokomen/Kesa-Gake/Do Uchi: Circular strike (varying targets)

   1.) MakioToshi

   2.) Shiho-Nage (Irimi, Tenkan, Seidokan)

   3.) Sumi-Otoshi

   4.) Hiji-otoshi (Inside, goes into pin or throw)

   5.) Roll Sankyo Irimi (cut down & blend in the same direction, then reverse)

   6.) MakioToshi-B

   7.) Roll Kotegaeshi (same start as Sankyo)

   8.) If Yokomen-uchi: Sudori (3 ways: see Dan arts)

   9.) If Yokomen-uchi: Irimi Nage

   10.) If Yokomen-uchi: Choyaku Kokyu Nage (Slide to center; Leap across hand)

   11.) If Yokomen-uchi: Choyaku Kotegaeshi (Leap across hand)

   12.) If Yokomen-uchi: Choyaku Sankyo     (Leap across hand)

   13.) Irimi Sankyo (Grab nonattacking hand)

   14.) Irimi Hijigatame (Grab nonattacking hand)

 

Kata Dori/Mune Dori: One hand Lapel/Shoulder grab from front

   *.) Escape: Interlaced hands like Ryokata Tori

   1.) Nikyo

   2.) Ikkyo

   3.) Zenpo Nage (Resembles Kokyo Dosa/Hiji-Otoshi, Be sure to Atemi)

   4.) Break Free w/ Escape, then Kote Gaeshi

   5.) Break Free w/ Escape, then Sankyo

   6.) Break Free w/ Escape, then Yonkyo

 

Katate Kosa Dori: Cross single hand hold

   *.) Escape: Nikyo start w/o nikyo

   1.) Sankyo

   2.) Kote-gaeshi

   3.) Kokyu Nage

   4.) Ikkyo Irimi

   5.) Nikyo

   6.) Yonkyo

   7.) Hikiyose Ikkyo Tenkan (1st kyu exam technique)

 

Katate Tori: One hand hold same side (front)

   *.) Escape: Nikyo start w/o nikyo

   *.) Remember the dynamic slipping method of free the hand.

   1.) Irimi Otoshi (Move in and drop; short Sayo undo)

   2.) Sayo undo

   3.) Shiho-nage tenkan.

   4.) Nikyo

   5.) Ikkyo

   6.) Dynamic Slip to Katate Kosa Kote Gaeshi (Irimi-Tenkan...)

   7.) Dynamic Slip to Katate Kosa Sankyo

   8-11.) 4 Zenpo Nages (the last one is the one Richard taught)

   12.) Yonkyo

   13.) Enkei

   14.) Irimi Otoshi Nage

   15.) Irimi Tenchi Nage (lower hand is the one that's grabbed; upper hand

                           across chest/neck-bone)

   16.) Irimi-Tenkan Kokyu Nage (follows "Dynamic Slip")

 

Kata-Menage: One hand holding lapel or shoulder, other striking Shomen-uchi

   1.) Kote Gaeshi

   2.) Shiho Nage

   3.) Nikyo

   4.) Kokyu-nage A.) (Go down on knee closest to uke.  Push forward with hands

                       at end.)

   5.) Kokyu-nage B.) (Entwine both hands and turn tenkan or irimi)

   6.) Kokyu-nage C.) (Grab elbow and pull.)

   7.) Ikkyo          (tenkan or irimi depending on uke)

   8.) Juji           (Grab holding elbow still.  Swing the other hand from

                       above down to same side hip.  Throw them.)

 

Munetsuki/Ganmentsuki: Punch to midsection/face

   1.) Hantai Ikkyo

   2.) Kote Gaeshi

   3.) Sankyo

   4.) Hiji-otoshi

   5.) Zenpo-nage

   6.) Ushiro Kata Hikiotoshi (hikiyose otoshi; waterfall technique)

   7.) Kokyu-nage

   8.) Munetsuki-> Grab hand, move in and drop (atemi to face)

   9.) Enkei -> Do motion, use strong ki. 

   10.)Hantai Kokyu-nage (Grab with wrong hand; bogus Dan art)

   11.)Hantai Sankyo     (Grab with wrong hand; bogus Dan art)

   12.)Irimi Tsukikaeshi (Difficult "dynamic" Kotegaeshi as uke pulls back)

 

Ryokata Tori/Mune Dori: Two hands Lapel/Shoulder grab from front

   *.) Escape: Interlaced hands

   1.) Turn & Bow

   2.) Kote Gaeshi (Step outside, "contact down" from elbow to hand)

   3.) Nikyo

   4.) Zenpo Nage (resembles standing Kokyo Dosa/Hiji-Otoshi)

   5.) Irimi Nage

 

Ryote Dori: Two hand on two - both hands being held (front)

   *.) Escape: Hands up then down to uke's one point

   1.) Zenpo Nage                                        (one hand behind back)

   2.) Tenchi Nage

   3.) Sayo Undo

   4.) Shiho Nage

   5.) Sasoikomi Oonami             (Resembles a Funakogi Duck under and throw)

   6.) Kote Gaeshi               (Jo-ho Kosa escape.  Think bounce and dribble)

   7.) Standing Kokyo Dosa Technique            (Palm down, hook, contact down)

   8.) Tenkan Tenchi Nage          ("Dynamic Version": be sure to walk forward)

   9.) Funakogi Drop               (step aside and Funakogi them to the ground)

   10.)Funakogi Version 2 Drop   (step aside, but grab cross hand for leverage)

   11.)Hiri Kaeshi                                   (changing direction throw)

   12.)Enkei Nage   (move offline, use upper hand to lead them far; low bridge)

   13.)Nikyo       (Concentrate on one hand, bring other hand to 1pt. Dip down)

   14.)Sankyo                                                   (Bogus Dan art)

   15.)Choyaku Kokyu-Nage   (Joho break; leap to opp. side as uke's upper hand)

   16.)Choyaku Kotegaeshi

   17.)Choyaku Sankyo            (Joho break; turn 180 to face uke's direction)

 

Ryote Mochi: Two hand on one hand from front.

   *.) Escape: Nikyo start without nikyo

   1.) Kote Gaeshi                                                     (Tenkan)

   2.) Kokyu Nage                       (many ways: also, Sasoikomi Makiotoshi)

   3.) Zenpo Nage                                                 (3 plus ways)

   4.) Nikyo                                         (3 plus ways: see 13 & 15)

   5.) Ikkyo

   6.) Kaiten Nage

   7.) Sasoikomi Kotegaeshi   (Draw in then cut down. Go left if grabbed right)

   8.) Irimi Nage  (like Katate Dori Irimi Otoshi; be sure to cross legs & dip)

   9.) Choyaku Kokyu-nage                                          (with a hop)

   10.)Choyaku Kotegaeshi          (Do full spin around them; Miriam technique)

   11.)Choyaku Sankyo                                              (with a hop)

   12.)Choyaku Ikkyo               (Do full spin around them; Miriam technique)

   13.)Tenkan Nikyo    (Get off line, open the door then draw `em in; turn 180)

   14.)Tenkan Kotegaeshi                        (Similar start as Tenkan Nikyo)

   15.)Tenkan Kirikaeshi Nikyo            (Tenkan lead, then pivot back on `em)

   16.)Irimi Nage Sayu-Undo  (Secondary art for 8- they let go so go into Sayu)

 

Shomenuchi: Overhead strike

   1.) Ikkyo Irimi: Must be a strong cut down, like a bokken cut to the 1-point

   2.) Kokyu-Nage

   3.) Sankyo: Uses a special initial catch.

   4.) Ushiro Kata Hikiotoshi (Hikiyose-otoshi; Waterfall)

   5.) Hiji-otoshi

   6.) Kote Gaeshi

   7.) Gokyo

   8.) Ikkyo-Tenkan

   9.) Kirikaeshi (Grab hand and drop; the Kevin technique)

   10.)Shiho-nage (bogus Dan art)

   11.)Nikyo (Start with hantai motion!)

 

Ushiro Kata Dori: Shoulder hold from behind

   *.) Escape: Think about choyaku

   1.) Hiza-otoshi (Inside Leg)

   2.) Hiza-otoshi (Outside Leg)

   3.) Salutations technique (to be followed by 1 or 2 above if doesn't work)

   4.) Turn in place, place one hand on an elbow and the other in the gums.

   5.) Zenshin Nage (use hands exactly as if it were ushiro tekubi tori)

   6.) Sayu-undo (far hand on pivot goes between uke's arms)

 

Ushiro Katatetori Kubishime Sankajyo: Grab wrist and choke from behind

   *.) Escape: Start sankyo below

   1-2.) Sankyo (two types depending on which way one turns)

   3.) Start same as Sankyo, but grab hand, kneel down and throw (shoulder to

             knee motion)

   4.) Kotai Ikkyo on lower hand

   5.) Yonkyo on upper choking hand

 

Ushiro Kubi-shime: Strangulation from behind

   *.) Escape: hands up, turn in place

   1.) Kote Gaeshi

   2.) Sumi-otoshi

   3.) Hiji Otoshi

   4.) Sankyo

   5.) Kokyu Nage

 

(Katate Kosa) Ushiro Mawari: Grab 1 hand from behind and moving for the other

   Pivoting around grabbed hand is the same thing as turning with the uke. 

   Pivoting around ungrabbed hand often means moving under the grabbed hand.

   *.) Escape       -> Pivot around grabbed hand & start nikyo escape w/o nikyo

   1.) Ikkyo        -> Pivot around grabbed hand (thumb and forefinger down)

   2.) Tenchi Nage  -> Pivot around ungrabbed hand.  Bring grabbed hand up.

   3.) Ikkyo        -> Pivot around ungrabbed hand; fancy hand slip (not best)

   4.) Nikyo        -> Pivot around grabbed hand

   5.) Sankyo       -> Pivot around ungrabbed hand (can do both ways)

   6.) Kotegaeshi   -> Pivot around grabbed hand, turning with uke.

   7.) Hanekaeshi   -> Pivot around ungrabbed hand, moving under arm.  Keep

                       spinning after turning under arm.  Draw them across you.

                       "Salutations move".                      

 

Ushiro (Ryo) Tekubi/Hiji Tori: Double hand/elbow hold from behind

   *.) Escape: Think of aiki-taiso: ushiro tekubi tori kotai undo (sharp down!)

   1.) Zenshin Nage

   2.) Zenpo Kote Gaeshi (forward)

   3.) Kotai Kote Gaeshi (backward)

   4.) Tenchi Kote Gaeshi (start to do Tenchi, but drop into Kote Gaeshi)

   5.) Sankyo (Move forward)

   6.) Back Ikkyo

   7.) Tenchi Nage

 

Ushiro Tori: Bear hug from behind

   *.) Escape: Hands parallel to ground.  Create room, slide straight down

   *.) Think also about pealing fingers apart with Yubi-gaeshi

   1.) Zenpo Nage (as in aiki-taiso)

   2.) Hiji-otoshi

   3.) Hiza-otoshi

   4.) Kokyu-nage

   5.) Sumi-otoshi

   6.) Sankyo (only if you can pull hands apart!!!)

 

Ushiro Ude Tori: Grabbing the Arms from behind

   *.) Escape: relax arms, lean forward and spin one arm out.

   1.) Hiji Otoshi

   2.) Kote Gaeshi

   3.) Sumi Otoshi

   4.) Hiza Otoshi

   5.) Kokyu Nage (?)

 

____________________________________________________________________________

Some Advanced Practice:

 

Multiple Attackers:

   Remember quick movements like Hija-Otoshi, and Zenpo Nage.

 

Futari/Ninin Ryote Dori: Two people each with a Ryote Mochi

   1.) Zenpo Nage: Keep arms on the same level as shoulders.

   2.) (Sayu Kaeshi) Ikkyo: Use your partners- cut deep.

   3.) Ohnami: Bring one arm in front of the face, then slip under it and

               behind.  Try to get a double nikyo going.

   4.) Makiokomi: Bogus Dan art.  A vertical enkei.

 

Jo-nage (Katate Dori): Same side jo grab

   1.) Nikyo

   2.) Shiho-nage

   3.) Zenpo-nage

   4.) Turn and row down

   5.) Enkei

   6.) Kiri-kaeshi (?)

 

Jo-nage (Kosa Dori): Cross side jo grab

   1.) Nikyo

   2.) Kote Gaeshi

   3.) Shiho-nage

   4.) Zenpo-nage

   5.) Sankyo

   6.) Enkei

 

Tachi-tori Shomen-uchi:

   1.) Zenpo Nage: Turn tenkan, and place hand between uke's.  Then blend up,

               followed by a cut down.

 

Tachi-tori Yokomen-uchi:

   1.) Turn tenkan, placing hand between uke's and drop bokken straight to the

               ground.

 

Tanto-dori Ushiro Waza: Knife in back.

   1-2.) Turn with arm in place.  Depending on which is available, do Ikkyo or

         Kote Gaeshi.

   3.) Sankyo only if Kote Gaeshi was possible.

 

Tanto-dori Ushiro Katatetori Kubishime Sankajyo:

   1.) Sankyo on upper hand.  (Be sure to point weapon toward the body).

 

Tanto-dori Munetsuki

   1.) Ikkyo

   2.) Kote Gaeshi

   3.) Sankyo

 

Tanto-dori Shomen-uchi

   1.) Gokyo

 

____________________________________________________________________________

Kyu Examination Requirements (from handout of the same name by R. Kobayashi)

  All Examinees must have a thorough knowledge of Aikido Fundamentals:

  1.) The meaning of Aikido, principles of ONENESS

  2.) The principles to unify mind and body

  3.) The concept of "Shodo o seisu"

  4.) The Aiki Taiso

  5.) The applications of exercises to self-defense

 

Rokkyu (6th kyu): 5 defensive movements against 5 holds, breathing exercise

 

Gokyu (5th kyu): At least 1 controlling art against any given attack plus:

   Katatetori         Nikyo, Tenkan Shiho-nage

   Yokomenuchi        Hijiotoshi

   Shomenuchi         Kokyu-nage

   Munetsuki          Kotegaeshi

   Ushiro Tekubi Tori Zenshin-nage

Yonkyu (4th kyu): At least 2 controlling arts against any given attack plus:

   Katatetori         Ikkyo Tenkan

   Yokomenuchi        Shiho-nage

   Shomenuchi         Kotegaeshi

   Ushirodori         Zenpo-nage

   Munetsuki          Kokyu-nage

   Ryotemochi         Kotegaeshi Tenkan

Sankyu (3rd kyu): At least 3 controlling arts against any given attack plus:

   Katatetori         Enkei-nage

   Yokomenuchi        Makiotoshi

   Shomenuchi         Ikkyo Irimi

   Ushiro Tekubi Tori Sankyo

   Munetsuki          Hantai Nikyo

   Ryotedori          Shiho-nage

Nikyu  (2nd kyu): At least 4 controlling arts against any given attack plus:

   (The examinee must also have knowledge of Ki Therapy)

   Katatetori         Irimi-nage

   Yokomenuchi        Choyaku Kokyu-nage (leap across arm)

   Shomenuchi         Ikkyo Tenkan

   Munetsuki          Zenpo-nage

   Ryotemochi         Sasoikomi Makiotoshi

Ikkyu  (1st kyu): At least 5 controlling arts against any given attack plus:

   (The examinee must also have knowledge of Ki Therapy self-application)

   Katate Kosa Dori   Hikiyose Ikkyo

   Yokomenuchi        Irimi-nage

   Shomenuchi         Sankyo

   Ushiro Tekubi Tori Tenchi-nage Tenkan

   Munetsuki          Ushiro Kata Hikiotoshi

   Ryotedori          Tenchi-nage Irimi

 

____________________________________________________________________________

Dan Examination Arts (from handout of the same name by R. Kobayashi)

 

Futari Ryote Dori Makikiomi

Futari Ryote Dori Ohnami

Futari Ryote Dori Sayu Kaeshi-Ikkyo

Futari Ryote Dori Zenpo-nage

Katate Kosa Dori Ushiro Mawari Hanekaeshi  (2 wrists blend)

Katate Kosa Dori Ushiro Mawari Ikkyo

Katate Kosa Dori Ushiro Mawari Kotegaeshi  (2 wrists blend)

Katate Kosa Dori Ushiro Mawari Sankyo

Katate Kosa Dori Ushiro Mawari Tenchi-nage (2 wrists blend)

Katate Ryote Mochi Choyaku Kokyu-nage

Katate Ryote Mochi Choyaku Kotegaeshi

Katate Ryote Mochi Choyaku Sankyo

Katate Ryote Mochi Irimi Nage

Katate Ryote Mochi Sasoikomi Kotegaeshi

Katate Ryote Mochi Tenkan Kirikaeshi Nikyo

Katate Ryote Mochi Tenkan Nikyo

Katatedori Irimi Otoshi

Katatedori Irimi Tenchi Nage

Katatedori Irimi Tenkan Kokyu-nage

Katatedori Irimi Tenkan Kotegaeshi

Katatedori Irimi Tenkan Sankyo

Mune-Tsuki Hantai Kokyu-nage

Mune-Tsuki Hantai Kotegaeshi

Mune-Tsuki Hantai Sankyo

Mune-Tsuki Hijiotoshi

Mune-Tsuki Irimi Kotegaeshi (Tsukikaeshi)

Ryote Dori Choyaku Kokyu-nage

Ryote Dori Choyaku Kotegaeshi

Ryote Dori Choyaku Sankyo

Ryote Dori Enkei-nage

Ryote Dori Kotegaeshi

Ryote Dori Nikyo

Ryote Dori Sankyo

Ryote Dori Tenkan Tenchi-nage

Ryote Dori Zenpo-nage

Shomen Uchi Hijiotoshi

Shomen Uchi Kirikaeshi

Shomen Uchi Nikyo

Shomen Uchi Shiho-nage

Shomen Uchi Ushiro Kata Hikiotoshi

Ushiro Dori Koho-nage

Ushiro Dori Koshihineri

Ushiro Hiji Tori Hanekaeshi

Ushiro Hiji Tori Kotegaeshi

Ushiro Kata Tori Kotegaeshi

Ushiro Kata Tori Sankyo

Ushiro Katate Tori Kubishime Hantai Kotegaeshi

Ushiro Katate Tori Kubishime Hantai Sankyo

Ushiro Katate Tori Kubishime Sankyo

Ushiro Koho-nage

Ushiro Tekubi Tori Kotai-Ikkyo

Ushiro Tekubi Tori Tenkan Jumonji-nage

Ushiro Tekubi Tori Tenkan Kotegaeshi

Ushiro Tekubi Tori Zenpo-Tenkan Hantai Kotegaeshi

Ushiro Tekubi Tori Zenpo-Tenkan Koshihineri

Ushiro Tekubi Tori Zenpo-Tenkan Kotegaeshi

Yokomen Uchi Choyaku Kotegaeshi

Yokomen Uchi Choyaku Sankyo

Yokomen Uchi Irimi Hijigatame

Yokomen Uchi Irimi Sankyo

Yokomen Uchi Irimi Sudori (1,2, & 3)

Yokomen Uchi Irimi Tenkan Zenpo-nage

 

____________________________________________________________________________

Jo & Bokken Katas:

   There are two optional descriptive tags which follow. 

The first tells us the direction we face.  We assume that 12 is the Shomen,

and count clockwise around our starting position. 

The Second thing is an "R" or "L".  This tells us which foot we have forward

at the end of the strike.  More than one set of tags may appear on certain

counts which have multiple strikes.  On Yokomen uchi, a LEFT (hidari)

yokomen-uchi means striking the left side of the opponent, which means you

striking on your RIGHT side (hence right foot forward).

   Ex.: 12R: Shomen-uchi -> Face in the initial direction, right foot should be

                            forward (take a step if it isn't), strike

 

   To keep things simple the "hidari" or "migi" will be suppressed or replaced

by the English "left" and "right" whenever possible.

 

Pertaining to Weapon Strikes: ****

    Barai: Circular upper-cut/sweep.  See Also: harai.

    Gawashi: Stepping off to the left but keeping weapon posed fixed in front.

         Note kawashi is to the right.  As in: shomengawashi, hidarigawashi

    Hanekaeshi: The small motion/circle the weapon makes in transition from an

         strike to lifting for the next strike.  Since it is a circular lift

         it usually implies a change of direction.  See: Shomenuchi hanekaeshi.

    Harai: Vertical upper-cut.  See Also: barai

    Hidari: Left side

    Hidaritenkan: A tenkan motion (see elsewhere) to the left side

    Ishizuki: The butt/back end of a jo (spear)- closest to one point.

    Kawashi: The same as gawashi, but to the right.

    Kesagake-uchi: Strike at uke's shoulder

    Kissaki: Point of Sword or the forward end of the jo.

    Koho: A motion to the rear when facing forward.  This entails a small lift

         of the weapon straight up when following a tsuki for example.  As

         opposed to a more circular hanekaeshi following a shomenuchi. 

         See: Koho Shomenuchi, Kohotsuki, kohotento (elsewhere)

    Koho Shomenuchi: Lifting the weapon straight up for a shomen-uchi strike.

    Kohotsuki: A thrust/strike involving a linear change of direction to the

         rear.  Involves lifting the weapon straight up for the next attack.

    Koteuchi: Strike at uke's wrist

    Migi: Right side

    Migitenkan: A tenkan motion (see elsewhere) to the right side.

    Mikenzuki: High horizontal poke with a jo. (As in jo gi #2, moves 12,13)

    Osame: Non-cutting horizontal, relaxed motion in a full circle.

    Shomen-uchi: Vertical strike to uke's forehead/shomen

    Shomen-uchi Hanekaeshi: Do shomen-uchi, but follow it with bring the

         jo/bokken up again above the head.  Precedes changing direction.

    Shomengawashi: Letting the tip of the weapon draw a "U" on uke's neck while

         stepping off to the right or left. 

    Shomenkawashi: Same as shomengawashi but to the right.

    Tsuka: Handle of sword.

    Tsuki: (Abrievated as "ski") thrusting forward w/ the body, not the weapon

    Tsuki Zujogaeshi: A "poke" with the jo from cover guard. 

    Uchiotoshi: Dropping strike.  As in jogi#1, move 9.

    Yokomen-uchi: Strike at uke's temple

    Zenpozuki: Forward thrust.  Basically another name for a tsuki strike

    Zujogaeshi: Referring to a "cover guard".  See: tsuki zujogaeshi

 

____________

The Ken-gi's:

Ken-gi's all start and end with the same ready stance: right (migi) hamni,

left hand on the bottom of the handle near the one-point,

"controlled relaxation" grip, bokken tilted slightly inward (to the left),

the tip of the bokken should be the same height as your throat (i.e.,

seigan-no-kamae).  Always try to keep the Bokken in front of you.

 

Ken-gi #1 (Dai Ichi Aiki Kengi)

1.) 12R    : Shomen-uchi.  Jodan-no-kamae then slide forward w/ the right foot.

2.) 12L    : Tsuki (with step).  Turn blade slightly inward (to the right).

                  Aim at the opponent's throat.

3.) 6R     : Shomen-uchi (koho)

4.) 6R     : Tsuki (w/o step) to the throat.

5.) 3R     : Shomen-uchi (koho)

6.) 3R     : Tsuki (w/o step) to the throat.

7.) 9R     : Shomen-uchi

8.) 9R     : Tsuki (w/o step) to the throat.

9.) 7:30L  : Shomen-uchi (hanekaeshi).

10.) 1:30R : Shomen-uchi (hanekaeshi).

11.) 10:30L: Shomen-uchi (hanekaeshi).

12.) 4:30R : Shomen-uchi.

13.) 1-12LR: Osame: Walk forward in small circle (rightward/clockwise), the

                  bokken parallel to ground (like do-uchi).  End up facing at

                  12:00, left foot forward, bokken above head (jodan-no-kamae).

                  Wait a count, then bring the left foot back a step and the

                  bokken down to throat level (seigan-no-kamae).  The osame

                  motion here is not a strike.

 

Ken-gi #2 (Dai Ni Aiki Kengi)

1.) 12R    : Left Shomengawashi (Cover guard).  Step to the left drawing a "U".

                  Point the bokken at the opponent's throat.

2.) 12L    : Right Koteuchi to wrist (slightly steeper than kesagake)

3.) 12R    : Left Kesagake to shoulder

4.) 12L    : Right Kesagake to shoulder

5.) 6R     : (Koho) Shomen-uchi (pivot in place on balls of feet)

6.) 6R     : Tsuki (turning blade inward)

7.) 12L    : (Koho) Shomen-uchi # 5

8.) 12L    : Tsuki              # 6

9.) 12R-6R : Left Yokomen-uchi to side of head, then keep cutting (end in 6R)

                 This is fully titled: Choyaku Hidari Yokomenuchi Tenkan  which

                 encapsulates the tenkan and choyaku nature of the movement.

10.) 6L-12L: Right Yokomen-uchi then keep cutting (reverse of 9) (end in 12L)

                 This is fully titled: Choyaku Migi Yokomenuchi Tenkan  which

                 encapsulates the tenkan and choyaku nature of the movement.

11.) 12L   : Tsuki (thrust should be almost horizontal)

12.) 12R   : Low/deep left Kesa-Gake.

13.) 6R-12L: Take a step forward with the left foot.  Turn clockwise, feet in

                 place, for a waist cut at 6:00 (right foot should now be

                 forward).  Take a step forward with the left foot, keep

                 turning in the same direction, drawing the right foot now

                 behind as we complete the circle facing 12:00 again.  Left

                 foot is forward, bokken above head, wait a count, then finish

                 by drawing left foot back and bokken to throat level. (See

                 kengi#1, move 13) Called: Migi Nagitaoshi Osame.

 

Aiki Ken-gi #3 (Dai San Aiki Kengi)

1.) 12R    : Shomen-uchi.  Slide forward.

2.) 12R    : Tsuki (w/o step)

3.) 12L    : Right Yokomen-uchi

4.) 6R     : shomen-uchi (koho)

5.) 6L     : Tsuki (w step)

6.) 6R     : Left Yokomen-uchi

7.) 3R     : Upper-cut

8.) 3L     : Right Yokomen-uchi

9.) 9R     : Shomen-uchi

10.) 7:30R : Point.  Just slide to 7:30 and point the ken at opponent's throat.

11.) 7:30R : Draw a small smile counterclockwise.  First step toward the

                 attacker with the left foot.

12.) 3R    : Shomen-uchi

13.) 4:30L : Do-uchi (Parallel to ground strike)

14.) 4:30R : Do-uchi (Parallel to ground strike).  Start looking for move 15.

15.) 10:30R: Look, then left yokomen-uchi

16.) 10:30L: Right Yokomen-uchi

17.) 10:30L: Tsuki

18.) 4:30R : Slide back then swing the ken to 4:30 w/o moving.  Do-uchi or

                 nukikaeshi.

19.) 1:30R : Upper cut (Called: Shomenuchi hidarigawashi)

20.) 1:30L : Right Yokomen-uchi

21.) 1:30R : Left Yokomen-uchi, turn to 8

22.) 7:30R : Cover guard (Called: Shomenuchi migikawashi)

23.) 7:30L : Right Yokomen-uchi

24.) 7:30R : Low kesa-gake to gedan-no-kaeme

25.) 12R   : Spin counter-clockwise to a high-to-low "S" cut (form an "S" in

                 the air).  Called: Hidari Tenkan Tsubamegaeshi

 

___________

The Jo-Gi's

 

For all the jo-gi's the standard starting position is left hamni (left foot

forward), jo held like a walking stick vertically in only the left hand.  One

tip of the jo should be on the ground.  The left hand should be holding the jo

near the forward left foot at a height slightly above the waist.  Unlike

the ken-gi's, where the hands remain the same throughout (left hand closer

to the end, the right closer to the blade), the jo-gi's typically have fancy

hand exchanges.  On all pokes (tsukis), the left hand is forward (palm facing

up or down depending upon target) and the right hand is closer to the end/butt

(ishizuki).  On most strikes (including Shomen-uchi, Yokomen-uchi, Kesa-gake),

the hands are held like the ken gi's.  Upper cuts (haraiage) may vary.

 

Some pointers from a handout:

        1.) Hold the jo lightly with ki flowing

        2.) The hand closest to the body controls the jo (keep that hand close

            to the one point!)

        3.) Always keep your elbows bend, not locked.

 

Jo-Gi #1 (Dai Ichi Aiki Jogi)

1.) 12L    : Flip jo up then poke.  Step off the line diagonally to the right

                    into a cover guard.  The flipping up is merely flipping the

                    part of the jo on the ground into the right hand which

                    should be near the 1-point (keeping the left hand slightly

                    out).  The poke is as in #2 below.  The cover guard is off

                    the line of force, the jo over the head but pointing back

                    on the line of force at the opponent's throat.

                    Called: Tsuki Zujogaeshi.

2.) 12L    : Standard Neck Poke.  Then move off line to cover guard.  Right

                    hand should be near 1-point, left palm should be under jo

                    facing up.  To get to this from move 1, be sure arms drop

                    straight down.  This poke is done in #1,6,12,16

3.) 12R    : Left Yokomen-uchi.

4.) 12L    : Right Yokomen-uchi

5.) 6R     : Pivot on heels in place for a low knee poke (called: Migitenkan

                    Kohotsuki).

6.) 6L     : Poke as in #2, but continue immediately from #5

7.) 6R     : Left Yokomen-uchi.  #3

8.) 6L     : Right Yokomen-uchi. #4

9.) 12R    : Turn in place bringing jo in a vertical arc to slightly below

                    throat level.  Called: Uchiotoshi, or dropping strike.

10.) 12R   : Tsuki (be sure not to poke).  Lift jo up to throat level.

11.) 12L   : Right Yokomen-uchi.  Slide hands back to poking position.

12.) 12L   : Neck Poke to cover guard.

13.) 12R   : Left Yokomen-uchi.  Then pull jo behind, still facing forward.

14.) 12(L) : Horiz. Upper cut w/ bringing rear/left foot forward but up in air.

                    Target: Face.

15.) 12L   : High eye poke w/ left palm toward ground; just as left foot steps.

                    Both hands should be high on this one.  (Mikenuchi)

16.) 12L   : Standard Neck poke; hand switch done by dropping tip of jo

                    downward while releasing the right hand and letting the

                    back of the jo tip upward accordingly.  Let the motion

                    continue till what was the tip come into the right hand

                    from underneath.  Go into cover guard

17.) 12R   : Left Yokomen-uchi then pull jo behind to the left #13

18.) 12(L) : Repeat 14 but at half height (kneeling over).  Target knee.

19.) 12L   : Repeat 15 but at half height.  Target groin or lower.

20.) 12L   : Standard poke but at stomach/torso (mune)

21.) 12R   : Ago-Haraiage.  Vertical Upper Cut

22.) 12R   : Drop tip as in #16 and tsuki.

 

Jo-Gi #2 (Dai Ni Aiki Jogi)

1.) 12L     : Poke to cover guard.  Exactly as in jo-gi #1 move 1

2.) 12L     : Poke to cover guard.  See jo-gi #1 move 2

3.) 12R     : Left Yokomen-uchi.  See jo-gi #1 move 3

4.) 12R     : Swing the jo in a "U" clockwise then down near right foot.  The

                    "U" should be narrow.  Be sure that the "U" is narrow.

                    Called: Shomengawashi Migi Kote-Uchi.

5.) 12L     : Right Yokomen-uchi

6.) 12L     : Standard neck poke

7.) 6R      : Left Yokomen-uchi (Koho Hidari cause of the turn)

8.) 6R      : Swing jo in "U" like #4

9.) 6L      : Right Yokomen-uchi #5

10.) 6L     : Standard neck poke #6

11.) 12R    : Left Kesa-Gake (Yokomen-uchi?)

12.) 7:30(L): High Poke (both hands up) to the Eyes (hop around on 12,13,14) 

                    Hop way off the line here.  Called: Hidari Koho Mikenzuki)

13.) 4:30(R): High Jab (both hands up; don't let jo slide) to the forehead. 

                    Hop way off the line to the other side.  Be sure to

                    exchange hands.  Called: Migi Koho Mikenzuki

14.) 6L     : Standard Neck poke #6.  Get back on the line of force.  Hop with

                    right leg up as left foot steps forward.

15.) 12R    : Left Kesa-Gake (Yokomen-uchi?)

16.) 6R     : Take a step forward with the left foot the swing the jo parallel

                    to the ground to the strike at 6.  Strike rightward.  See

                    16b.) below

16b.) 12L   : Cover guard.  Take another step forward toward 6:00 w/ the left

                    foot, then swing the root foot behind clockwise.  End off

                    the line, jo pointing toward the line.

17.) 12R    : Reverse cover guard.  Exchange hands while drawing a little smile

                    Take a step with the left foot, then the right.

18.) 12R    : High Face jab (right hand forward, left hand near left shoulder)

                    Don't move feet.  Called: Ganmen Tsuki

19.) 12L    : Right Yokomen-uchi (right hand forward)

20.) 12L    : Standard neck poke but to chest (hand exchange; left hand

                    forward).  Called: Munetsuki

21.) 12R    : Vertical Upper cut as in jo-gi#1 move 21.  (Ago-haraiage)

22.) 12R    : Left Tsuki. (as in jo-gi#1 move 22)

 

In Happo Jo-Gi, there is additional emphasis every third strike.

Happo Jo-Gi #3 (Dai San Aiki Jogi)

1.) 12L    : Poke to throat on line of force then cover guard off the line

2.) 12R    : Left Yokomen-uchi to side of head

3.) 12L    : Right Yokomen-uchi to side of head

4.) 6R     : Shomen-uchi (let kissaki drop a little lower than is in 5)

5.) 6R     : Tsuki.  Slide forward with right foot.  Aim for throat.

6.) 6L     : Right Yokomen-uchi to side of head

7.) 3L     : Bring jo to eye level & poke (right hand up high); left palm down

                   There is a step to the left followed by a slide with the

                   rear foot (right).  Called: Miken-uchi

8.) 3L     : Poke abdomen.  Drop jo tip and catch with right hand near 1-pt.

9.) 3R     : Vertical upper-cut.  (Harai-age)

10.) 9L    : #7- high poke

11.) 9R    : Left yokomen-uchi

12.) 9R    : Left Tsuki

13.) 7:30L : Right yokomen-uchi

14.) 7:30L : Poke then to cover guard.  Step off 7:30 line of force slightly

                   to the right.  But continue facing and pointing there.

15.) 7:30R : Left yokomen-uchi

16.) 1:30L : #7- high poke to the eyes (Mikenuchi)

17.) 1:30L : #8- low poke

18.) 1:30L : #9- upper cut

19.) 10:30R: Left yokomen-uchi

20.) 10:30L: Right upper cut letting the jo slide in the hand as foot advances

21.) 10:30L: Poke to the throat then pivot diagonally to the right.

22.) 4:30R : Shomen-uchi

23.) 4:30R : Left Tsuki

24.) 4:30L : Right yokomen-uchi.  Start moving immediately for #25.

25.) 12L   : Spinning low-cut shomen-uchi.  Bounce up and spin from 4:30 to 12

                   clockwise (right-wise).

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Jo-Ken Awase

  We practice Jo-Gi#1, described above, when doing jo-ken awase.  This involves

three people- two with a bokken and one with a jo.  The one with a jo, in the

center, does Jo-gi #1.  The two people with the bokken are on either side of

the person with the jo, one at 12 and one at 6 (using the same directions

from the Jo & Bokken Katas section.)  The person at 12 does the counting.

Since Jo-gi #1 is described elsewhere, only the new bokken strikes will be

described.  Note that the person at 6 only gets involved during movements 4

through 9.

 

  Directions for the person yielding the bokken are suppressed.  The strikes

should always be directly at the person using the jo.  Whichever foot forward

(L or R) will still be used.

 

  Movements will always refer to the person counting, unless otherwise stated.

 

1.) R: Shomen-uchi.  During the poke, step back, raising the bokken above the

       head in jodan-no-kamae.  Afterwards, step forward again with the right

       foot and strike shomen-uchi right on the line (even though the person

       with the jo- now in cover-guard will have stepped off the line).

2.) R: Shomen-uchi.  Same as 1.)

3.) R: Bokken facing left to protect from the incoming yokomen-uchi.

4.) L: Bokken facing right to protect from the incoming yokomen-uchi.  Note

       that the left foot remains fixed, but we drop back with our right foot.

    R (person at 6): This person should be slowly creeping forward with the

       bokken raised above the head (jodan-no-kamae).

5.) R (person at 6): Skuttle back quickly to avoid getting the knee or ankle

       hurt when the person with the jo suddenly attacks in your direction.

6.) R (person at 6): When the attack is done, and the jo-ka goes into cover

       guard off the original line of force, strike on the line of force.

7.) R (person at 6): Exactly like 3.)

8.) L (person at 6): Exactly like 4.)

    R (person at 12): While this is happening, you should be creeping forward,

       posed to strike.

9.) R: Drop the tip of the bokken, so that it falls underneath the oncoming

       jo-swing.  Note that their should be no collision.

10.) R: Back off.

11.) L: Take a step back with the right foot, pointing the bokken to the right

       to protect from the incoming yokomen-uchi.  Like #4.)

12.) R: Drop the left foot back- avoiding the poke.  Then take a step forward

       with both feet (right first), as you strike on the line of force. 

       Again, the person with the jo should be off the line of force in cover

       guard by then.

13a.) R: Exactly like 3.), but when the jo retreats:

13b.) R: Raise the bokken up to strike as the jo retreats on this motion.  Now

       is your chance!  Smile with glee.

14.) R: Jump backwards!  No time to move bokken.

15.) R: Keep retreating.

16.) R: Keep retreating, until the person with the jo steps off the line and

       goes into cover-guard.  Then, strike on the line with a shomen-uchi.

17a.) R: Exactly like 3.), but when the jo retreats:

17b.) L: A different strategy this time then 13-16 phase.  Now, we try a right

       yokomen-uchi stepping with our left foot.  But we don't start it until

       the count of 18.), but we never get a chance to finish it because:

18.) Both feet together: As we count 18, we move to the yokomen uchi.  This

       misses the person with the jo, because they should now be kneeling. 

       The jo strike of 18 should make us fail our attempt and have to jump

       backwards.  From here- its all acting since the bokken user is doomed.

19.) Double over as if poked to the stomach.  Take a step backwards in pain.

20.) Same as 19.)

21.) Upper cut to the chin forces our neck back.

22.) Blow to the throat kills us.  Gurgle morbidly then collapse, tongue

       outside of mouth.

=========================================================================

                                                   Glossary, Version 1.141007

AGATSU                 Victory over one-self

 

AGURA                  Sitting "Indian style" (crossed leg).

 

AI                     Harmony, blend, oneness

 

AI-HANMI               Mutual stance.  Both partners have left or right foot

                       advanced.  As opposed to GYAKU-HANMI.

 

AIKI                   Harmony with the universe (nature, spirit).

 

AIKIDOKA               Aikido practionioner.

 

AIKI-RYOHO             Priming one's KI by transferring from others.  Therapy

                       with KI, recharging the life-force.

 

AIKIDO                 The way of life through harmony with the of the

                       universe; a non-violent art of self-defense which

                       emphasizes the basic attitude of harmony and respect

                       for all things.

 

AIKI-OTOSHI            Drop caused by NAGE pulling leg/knees out from behind

                       UKE.  Also: ASHI-OTOSHI.

 

AIKI-TAISO             Exercises derived from the self-defense movements of

                       Aikido.

 

AI TE NO KI O TOOTO    Respect your opponent's KI.

  BU

 

AI TE NO KOKORO O      Know your opponent's mind.

  SHI RU

 

AI TE NO TACHI BA      Put yourself in the place of your opponent.

  NI TA TSU

 

AGOTSUKIAGE            Uppercut to the jaw.

 

ARIGATO-GOZAIMASHITA   Thank you very much.  (Past tense).  We say DOMO ARIGATO

                       GOZAIMASHITA at the end of every class and ONEGAI

                       SHIMASU at the beginning.

 

ASHI                   Leg, foot.

 

ATEMI                  A blow to the vital points of the body to stun the

                       opponent.  Usually for distraction.

 

AYUMI ASHI             Alternated step.

 

BANYU AIGO NO SEISHIN  The Spirit of Loving Protection for all things.

 

BARAI                  Circular upper-cut or general sweep.

 

BO                     Wooden staff or rod.

 

BO KATA                A sequence of movements with the BO.

 

BOKKEN                 Wooden sword.  Also: BOKUTO

 

BOKUTO                 Wooden sword.  Also: BOKKEN

 

BU                     Martial or military.

 

BUDO                   The way of life through applications of the

                       principles of martial arts.

 

BUDOKA                 Martial way practitioner.

 

BUJUTSU                Martial art.

 

BUSHI                  Japanese warrior.  Same as Samurai.

 

BUSHIDO                The way of the warrior; the code of honor of the

                       Samurai.

 

CHIBURI                Downward stroke of the sword used to remove blood.

 

CHI-NO-KOKYU           The breath of the Earth.

 

CHOKAYU                Leap.

 

CHUDAN-NO-KAMAE        Middle stance with sword, pointing at opponent's

                       throat.  Same as: SEIGAN-NO-KAMAE

 

CHUDO                  Middle path; path of moderation, just enough.

 

DAISHO                 Long and short swords.

 

DAITO                  Long sword.  See also: KATANA, WAKIZASHI.

 

DAN                    A black belt rank in BUDO.

 

DO                     Path, road, a way of life.

 

DO (DOTAI)             Torso

 

DOCHU-NO-SEI           Calmness in action

 

DOJO                   Originally a place of learning the teachings of

                       Buddha.  In modern days it is referred to as the

                       training center for BUDO.  "Place of the Way" or

                       "Place of Enlightment".

 

DOMO ARIGATO           Thank you very very much (past tense).  We say this

  GOZAIMASHITA         at the end of class.

 

DORI (TORI)            To grab/take.

 

DOSHU                  Grand master.  Head of the way.

 

DO-UCHI                Torso strike (horizontal).

 

DOZA                   Please

 

ENKEI                  Circular shape.  Defense.

 

ENKEI CHOYAKU-UNDO     Enkei-undo as you skip to the side.

 

ENKEI-NAGE             Technique to blend and control the attacker by

                       applying ENKEI-UNDO.

 

ENKEI-UNDO             Exercise to blend with the attack by drawing a

                       small circle in front of nage's HARA.

 

ENKEI SAYU-UNDO        Turn to left and right with ENKEI-UNDO.

 

EN-NO-HONGI            Principle of Circular Motion.

 

EN-NO-IRIMI            Circular entry.

 

FUDO                   Prefix used to mean "control" or "immovable".

 

FUDO NO SHISEI         Immovable posture.  Use controlled relaxation.

 

FUDOSHIN               A self-controlled (immovable) mind.

 

FUDOSHIN FUDOTAI       Controlled Mind and Body.

 

FUDOTAI                A self-controlled body.

 

FUNAKOGI               A rowing motion.

 

FUNAKOGI-UNDO          Rowing exercise; forward and backward movement of

                       hips which leads the opponent's KI within the NAGE's

                       range of effectiveness.

 

FURI                   Suffix used to mean wave.

 

FURI KABURI            Sword-raising movement.

 

FUTARI                 Two persons

 

GAESHI                 Suffix used to mean "turn around; return; reverse".

 

GAKU                   Calligraphy hung on DOJO walls.

 

GANMEN                 Front of the face.

 

GANMENTSUKI            Strike to the face.

 

GAWASHI                Suffix used to mean stepping off to the left but

                       keeping the weapon posed in front.

 

GEDAN-NO-KAMAE         Lower stance with sword pointing to the ground.

 

GERI                   Kick.

 

GI (KEIKO-GI)          Training uniform.

 

GO                     Count of five.

 

GOBASHIN               Compassionate mind.

 

GOGO-NO-SHUGYO         Training after realization/understanding.

 

GOKYO                  Technique to disarm knife attack from above.  The

                       number five pinning technique.

 

GOKYU                  Fifth KYU.

 

GOSHI                  Hips.  See also: KOSHI.

 

GOZAIMASU              Thank you very much in present tense.  As opposed to

                       GOZAIMASHITA.

 

GYAKU-HANMI            Reverse stance.  Both partners have opposite (mirror)

                       feet advanced (right-left, left-right).  As opposed to

                       AI-HANMI.

 

GYAKU-NO-KAMAE         Reverse sword stance.

 

HACHI                  Count of eight.

 

HAI                    Yes.

 

HAI-DOZO               Please train now.

 

HAKAMA                 A very baggy trousers originally warn over KIMONO to

                       give freedom of movement; a formal attire to show

                       accomplishment in AIKIDO.  Different DOJOs have

                       different customs regarding the HAKAMA.

 

HANE-KAESHI            Motion of lifting up to change direction.

 

HANMI                  A natural step forward; ready stance with either left

                       or right foot forward.

 

HANMI HANDACHI         NAGE defends in kneeling position as UKE attacks from

                       standing position.

 

HANTAI                 Opposite/reverse.

 

HAPPO                  Suffix used to mean eight directions.

 

HAPPO-GIRI             Eight directional cut with sword.

 

HAPPO-JOGI             Eight directional movements with a JO.

 

HAPPO-UNDO             Eight directional exercise; to develop freedom of

                       movements in all directions with Shomenuchi Ikkyo-undo.

 

HARA                   The area below the navel where the vital energy, KI, of

                       an individual comes from.  It is the reservoir of KI.

                       The center of our balance, typically 2" below the navel.

 

HARAGEI                Art of developing the HARA.

 

HARAI                  Vertical upper cut.

 

HASSO-NO-KAMAE         Stance with sword raised vertically near the side.

 

HENKA WAZA             Varied technique.  Dynamically changing the techniques

                       as they progress.

 

HIDARI                 Left side (pertaining to UKE's left).

 

HIJI                   Elbow

 

HIJI-OTOSHI            Dropping the opponent's elbow to lead him to fall.

 

HIKI-OTOSHI            Pull drop.

 

HIKIYOSE               To pull toward you.

 

HIRAKI (HIRAKU)        To open.

 

HITOASHI YOKETE        Step aside.

 

HIZA                   Knee

 

HIZA-OTOSHI            Technique to control the knee.

 

ICHI                   Count of one.

 

IKKYO                  A method to control the opponent with one arm cranking

                       or elbow-locked position and facing down.  Number "one"

                       pinning technique.

 

IKKYU                  First KYU.

 

IRIMI                  Entering movement toward attacker without collision.

                       "Entering the body".

 

IRIMI-NAGE             Technique to control the attacker with irimi.

 

ISHIZUKI               Butt end of a spear where it hits the ground.

 

ITTEN                  The "One Point".  See: SEIKA-NO-ITTEN.

 

JIYUWAZA               Free style techniques, sometimes with multiple

                       attackers.

 

JO                     Staff about 50 inches long and used for unifying mind

                       and body through spear and sword movements.

 

JO-AWASE               Blending with JO attack.

 

JO-DORI                JO taking.  Disarming the opponent who has a JO.

 

JOGI (JO-KATA)         Techniques of JO movements to study the self-defense

                       movements of AIKIDO.

 

JODAN-NO-KAMAE         Upper stance with sword swung overhead.

 

JOHOKOSA-UNDO          Upper hand crossing exercise

 

JO-KEN AWASE           Practice to study the movements of JO and KEN by

                       harmonizing with each other.

 

JO-NAGE                Techniques to throw the opponent with JO.

 

JO-TORI                Disarming JO attack.

 

JU                     Count of ten.

 

JUJI-NAGE              Crossed arms throw.  A throw executed when one's

                       partner's arms are crossed at right angles.

 

KAESHI WAZA            When UKE and NAGE reverse roles, and the UKE starts to

                       use AIKIDO in defense.

 

KAITEN                 To turn like a wheel; in Aikido, it is often referred

                       to rotating about a horizontal axis.

 

KAITEN-NAGE            Windmill throw.

 

KAKARI-GEIKO           To practice one art over and over with many attackers.

 

KAMAE                  Ready stance.  The standard posture.

 

KAMI                   Deity/divine spirit -> no direct translation.

 

KATA                   Shoulder OR fixed sequence of steps performed for

                       learning purposes.

 

KATANA                 Japanese/Samarai metal sword.

 

KATA-OSHI              Shoulder push.

 

KATA-OTOSHI            Technique to throw by dropping one's shoulder and

                       letting the opponent slide off.

 

KATA-TORI (KATA-DORI)  Shoulder grab/hold.

 

KATATE-DORI            One wrist grab.  Held by one hand.

 

KATATE-DORI            Exercise to blend with opponent holding one wrist

   TENKAN-UNDO         and to lead around.

 

KATATE-DORI            Two hands grabbing one wrist.

   RYOTE-MOCHI

 

KATATE KOSA-DORI       Crossover wrist grab; Right hand grabbing right wrist

                       or left hand grabbing left wrist.

 

KATSU                  To win.

 

KATSU-HAYA-BI          Faster than the speed of light or quicker than what

                       the eyes can see.

 

KATSUJIN-KEN           Sword to let live.

 

KAWASHI                Same as gawashi, but to the right.

 

KAWASU                 To dodge.

 

KEIKO                  Word meaning "training".

 

KEIKO GI               Training uniform.  Usually just: GI

 

KEN                    Sword.

 

KENDO                  The way of the sword.

 

KENGI (KENPO)          Method of using a sword.

 

KENJUTSU               The art of the sword.

 

KENYU ICHINYO NO       The visible and invisible are one; all things in the

                       universe are one.

 

KESA-GAKE              Diagonal cut from the shoulder.

 

KESA-GAKE UCHI         Circular strike (22 degrees).

 

KI                     The essence of the universe; everything in this

                       universe is made of Ki, power of one's mind, or the

                       source of energy of nature herself.

 

KIAI                   A shout with strong ki for the purpose of focussing

                       energy.

 

KIATSU                 Healing with KI.

 

KI GA DE TE I RU       Extend KI.

 

KIKAI                  Sea of KI, the HARA, SEIKA TANDEN.

 

KIME                   Focus.

 

KI-NO-NAGARE           Free flowing of KI.

 

KIRIKAESHI             Reversing the attack without blocking the opponent's

                       KI, figure 8 movement.

 

KISSAKI                Tip of a sword or spear.

 

KOHO                   To the rear; backward motion when facing forward.

 

KOHO-NAGE              Throw to the rear.

 

KOHOTENTO-UNDO         Backward fall with rocking motion or backward roll.

 

KOKI                   Self-challenge.

 

KOKYU                  Breathing, rhythm of KI movement.  Spiritual breath.

                       IKI refers to just respiration.

 

KOKYU-DOSA             Exercise to train yourself to avoid collision of KI

                       even when you are on a collision course with your

                       opponent.

 

KOKYU-HO               Method to blend with KI.  Breath mediation.

 

KOKYU-NAGE             Momentum throw generally with one downing the elbow

                       and the other hand following it down behind the neck.

 

KOKYU-ROKU             Breath power from KOKYU.

 

KOSA                   To cross or intersect.

 

KOSA DORI              Short for single hand grab on opposite/crossing side.

 

KOSHI                  Hips.

 

KOSHIHINERI            Hip twist (?).

 

KOSHI-NAGE             Technique to throw using the hips.

 

KOTAI                  To move backward- retreat.

 

KOTE (TEKUBI)          Wrist.

 

KOTEGAESHI             Reverse-wrist-throw.

 

KOTEGAESHI-UNDO        Exercise to throw using the hips.

 

KU                     Emptiness

 

KUBI                   Prefix used to refer to throat or neck.

 

KUBISHIME              Strangulation.

 

KURAI DORI             Control your enemy's spirit.

 

KYU                    Ranks below black belt.

 

KYU (KU)               Count of nine.

 

MA-AI                  Proper distance between opponents.

 

MAE                    Front.

 

MAE-MAWARI             To go around the front.

 

MAE-GERI               Frontal kick.

 

MAKI-OTOSHI            Spiral throw (drop).

 

MAKOTO (SELF)          The fundamental truth; earnest, realistic, sincere.

 

MASAKATSU (MASAKA)     True victory.

 

MASAKATSU AGATSU       True victory is victory over oneself.  By acting in

                       accordance with the truth we always emerge victorious.

 

MAWASHI-GERI           Roundhouse kick.

 

MEN-UCHI               Uke strikes at nage's face.

 

METSUKE                Eye contact.

 

MIGI                   Right side (pertaining to UKE's right).

 

MIGITEOBA HI NI        Expose your right hand to the sun; turn your left

  ARAWASHA; HIDARITE   hand in the shade and lead the enemy.

  WA KAESHITE TEKI O

  MICHIBIKE

 

MIKEN                  Eyes.

 

MIKENZUKI              High horizontal poke with the JO.

 

MISOGI                 Spiritual or ritual purification.

 

MISOGI-BARAI           Training to purify the mind and body by shouting

                       out loud.

 

MIZUOCHI               Solar plexus; a network of nerves situated at the

                       upper part of the abdomen where a blow will have

                       a stunning effect.

 

MOCHI                  Hold.

 

MOKUSO                 Mediation.

 

MOROTE                 Two arm.

 

MOROTE-DORI            Held by two hands.

 

MOMO                   Thigh.

 

MUDANSHA               Those of KYU rank.

 

MUNE                   Chest or stomach region.

 

MUNETSUKI              Punch to the chest area.

 

MUSHIN                 No-mind.

 

NAGARE                 Flow.  Unbroken projection of KI during techniques.

 

NAGE                   A throw or the person who throws.

 

NEN                    Sense, feeling, desire, will power.

 

NI                     Count of two.

 

NIKYO                  Wrist blending technique which inflicts severe pain

                       to the opponent.

 

NIKYO-UNDO             Exercise derived from NIKYO which emphasizes

                       stretching the wrist, arm, and shoulder in the

                       direction of the flow of KI.

 

NIKYU                  Second KYU.

 

NININ                  Double.

 

OBI                    Belt.

 

OMOTE                  To move forward in front of the partner.

 

ONE-POINT              An imaginary point about two inches below the navel

 (SEIKO-NO-ITTEN)      where concentration of mind and body will give good

                       control over yourself.

 

ONEGAI-SHIMASU         "I make a request"; "please practice with me", "please

                       please teach me", etc..  Said at the beginning of class.

                       See also: DOMO ARIGATO GOZAIMASHITA

 

OONAMI                 Technique using a big wave-like motion.

 

ORENAITE               Unbendable arm.

 

OSAE                   Pinning/lock.

 

OSAE WAZA              Controlling technique

 

OSAME                  Non-cutting horizontal, relaxed motion in a full

                       circle.

 

O-SENSEI               Professor Morihei Ueshiba, the founder of Aikido,

                       1883-1969.  Meaning Great teacher.

 

OSHI                   Suffix used to mean push.

 

OTONASHI-NO-KAMAE      The soundless stance.  Avoid the contact of weapons.

 

OTOSHI (OTOSU)         To drop.

 

PO                     Suffix used to mean method.

 

RANDORI                Calmness in action against mass attack.

 

REI                    Bow.

 

RITSUREI               Standing bow.

 

ROKKYU                 Sixth KYU.

 

ROKU                   Count of six.

 

RYOKATA-DORI           Two hands on shoulders hold.

 

RYOKATA-OSHI           Pushing both shoulders.

 

RYOTE                  Both hands.

 

RYOTE DORI             Holding both wrists/hands.  Two hands on two hands.

 

RYOTE MOCHI            Holding with both hands.  Two hands on one wrist.

 

RYU                    Style, system, school.

 

SA                     Left moving.

 

SAMURAI                Japanese warrior.  See also: BUSHI

 

SAN                    Count of three.

 

SANKAKUTAI             triangular position of stability.

 

SANKYO                 Wrist-twisting technique.

 

SANKYO-UNDO            Exercise derived from SANKYO which emphasizes

                       twisting the wrist about the vertical axis.

 

SANKYU                 Third KYU.

 

SASOIKOMI              To lure someone toward you.

 

SATORI                 Enlightenment, realization of the truth of the

                       universe.

 

SATSUJIN-KEN           Sword to kill or destroy.

 

SAYU                   Left and right.

 

SAYU-UNDO              Left/right pile of bricks on chest exercise.

 

SEI (MAKOTO)           The fundamental truth; earnest, realistic, sincere.

 

SEIDOKAN               Earnest, Real, Sincere.

 

SEIGAN-NO-KAMAE        Middle stance with sword, pointing at opponent's

                       throat.  Same as: CHUDAN-NO-KAMAE

 

SEIKA-NO-ITTEN         The ONE-POINT below the navel.

 

SEIKA-TANDEN           HARA, a vital area below the navel.

 

SEISANKAKKEI           Equilateral tetrahedron; a very stable four-sided

  SHIMENTAI            body with each side being an equilateral triangle.

                       That is, a three dimensional simplex.

 

SEIKI                  The vital force that enlivens the universe.

 

SEIMEI                 Life: combination of KOKYU and KI.

 

SEIZA                  Formal Japanese sitting posture on knees with legs

                       folded under; a very stable sitting posture.

 

SEMPAI                 Senior Student.

 

SENSEI                 Teacher.

 

SENSEI-NI-REI          Command to bow to SENSEI.

 

SETSUZOKU              Connection.  All motions originate and are connected to

                       one's HARA.

 

SHI (YON)              Count of four.

 

SHICHI (NANA)          Count of seven.

 

SHIHAN                 Head master of a BUDO system.

 

SHIHAN-DAI             Assistant head master.

 

SHIHO-GIRI             Four directions cut.

 

SHIHO-NAGE             Technique to throw the opponent straight down with

                       elbow and wrist bent in a vertical plane.  Four

                       directions throw.

 

SHIKO (SHIKKO)         Walking on knees; samurai-walk.

 

SHINAI                 Sword made of bamboo.

 

SHINKEN SHOBU          "Fight with a live sword."  Throw oneself single

                       mindedly into one's practice.

 

SHINTAI                The truth of the universe.  Straight motion.

 

SHIN-TAI-KI            Balance of Mind, Body, & KI.

 

SHIWA HITO NO          The Samurai is the first to suffer anxiety for human

  SAKIINJITE YO-OH     society, and he is the last to seek personal pleasure.

  UREI HITO NO

  TANTOSHIMITE NOCHINI

  MOTUTE TANOSHIMU

 

SHIZENTAI              Natural stance.

 

SHODAN                 First degree black belt.

 

SHODO                  First move.

 

SHODO-O-SEISU          To control the first move.

 

SHOMEN                 Front of a face; or, the main wall of a dojo.

 

SHOMEN-UCHI            Blow to the forehead from above.

 

SHOSHIN-NI-KAERU       Return to basics; an attitude of a beginner who

                       is willing to learn from the basics.

 

SHUGYO                 Making the principles and the arts part of yourself

                       by training rigorously and be able to apply them in

                       your everyday life for the benefit of others.

 

SHUREN DOJO            Name of a DOJO founded by O-SENSEI.

 

SODE                   Sleeve.

 

SOJUTSU                Spear art.

 

SOTSU SEN KYU KO       Perform with confidence.

 

SOTO                   Prefix used to mean "outside".

 

SOTO MAWARI            Turning out to the side of UKE.

 

SUBURI                 Basic JO or BOKKEN practice.

 

SUDORI                 Atemi blow and run.  An escape or throw that did not

                       require actual contact.  Or any technique that the uke

                       throws theirself with an excess of power.

 

SUKI                   An opening opportunity.

 

SUMI-OTOSHI            Arm under shoulder drop.

 

SUWARI-WAZA            Techniques with both UKE and NAGE in sitting position.

 

TACHI-TORI             Disarming sword attack.

 

TACHI WAZA             Standing techniques (different use of TACHI).

 

TAI-JUTSU              Techniques performed without weapons.

 

TAISABAKI              Body movement to avoid collision with the opponent.

                       To untangle yourself from a situation.  Usually circular

                       in design.

 

TAISO (UNDO)           Exercise.  Body skills.

 

TANINSU-GAKE           Multiple attack with two or more persons.

 

TANTO                  Knife, dagger.

 

TANTOJUTSU             Art of knife throwing.

 

TANTO-TORI             Disarming knife attack.

 

TATAMI                 Mats sometimes used for martial arts.

 

TEGATANA               Blade of the hand.  (Outer edge)

 

TEKUBI (KOTE)          Wrist.

 

TEKUBI KOSA-UNDO       Wrist crossing exercise.

 

TEKUBI SHINDO-UNDO     Exercise to shake the wrists, then the entire body

                       to return the flow of KI to normal level.

 

TENCHI-NAGE            Heaven-and-Earth-throw; one hand pointing upward and

                       the other downward.

 

TENKAN                 Rotating the hips about a vertical axis- stepping out

                       and around 180 degrees.

 

TENTO                  To tumble.

 

TORI (DORI)            To grab/take.

 

TSUKA                  Handle of sword.

 

TSUKI                  Suffix used to mean to thrust or stab.

 

TSUKI ZUJOGAESHI       A "poke" with the jo from cover guard.

 

UCHI                   Suffix used to mean "strike" or "inside".

 

UCHI-MAWARI            Turning inside UKE's arm.  See: SOTO-MAWARI

 

UCHI-OTOSHI            Dropping strike.

 

UDE                    Arm.

 

UDEFURI-UNDO           Exercise to swing both arms to the left and the

                       right keeping good coordination of mind and body.

 

UDEFURI CHOYAKU UNDO   Exercise to switch direction of KI to the opposite

                       direction with UDEFURI-UNDO.

 

UKE                    The attacker who gets thrown by the NAGE.

 

UKEMI                  Defensive roll or fall when thrown by the NAGE.

 

UNDO                   Suffix used to mean exercise.

 

URA                    To move behind the partner.

 

URA WAZA               Pretaining to rear techniques.  See also: USHIRO WAZA.

 

USHIRO                 Back, behind.

 

USHIRO KATA            Pull drop from behind- waterfall technique.

  HIKI-OTOSHI

 

USHIRO KATATETORI      Grabbing one wrist with choke from behind.

  KUBISHIME SANKAJYO

 

USHIRO KATA-TORI       Grabbing both shoulders from the back.

 

USHIRO KATA-TORI       Exercise to lead forward the opponent who is holding

  KOTAI-UNDO           both shoulders from behind as you move down and beside

                       the opponent.

 

USHIRO KUBISHIME       Choke from behind.

 

USHIRO HIJI-TORI       Grabbing both elbows from behind.

 

USHIRO MAWARI          Grabbing one hand, moving behind to the other.

 

USHIRO TEKUBI-TORI     Grabbing both wrists from the back.

 

USHIRO TEKUBI-TORI     Exercise to blend and avoid collision with the

  KOTAI-UNDO           opponent who is holding your wrists from the back.

 

USHIRO TEKUBI-TORI     Forward throw when both wrists are held from the back.

  ZENSHIN-NAGE

 

USHIRO TEKUBI-TORI     Exercise to blend and lean forward the opponent who

  ZENSHIN-NAGE-UNDO    is holding on to the wrists from the back.

 

USHIRO-TORI            Bearhug from the back.

 

USHIRO-TORI            Forward throw when held with bear-hug from the back.

  ZENPO-NAGE

 

USHIRO-TORI            Exercise to blend and lean forward the opponent who is

  ZENPO-NAGE-UNDO      holding with bear-hug from the back.

 

USHIRO UDE-TORI        Interlocking arms from behind.

 

USHIRO WAZA            Pretaining to rear techniques.  See also: URA WAZA

 

WAKIZASHI              Short sword.

 

WAZA                   Technique, art.

 

YARI                   Straight spear.

 

YARIJUTSU              Technique of using a spear.

 

YOKO                   Side.

 

YOKOMEN                Side of the head.

 

YOKOMEN-UCHI           Strike to the side of the head.

 

YONIN                  Four person (quadruple).

 

YONKYO                 Controlling the opponent's wrist or lower arm.  Number

                       four pinning technique.

 

YONKYU                 Fourth KYU.

 

YU                     Right moving.

 

YUDANSHA               Any one of DAN rank.

 

ZAREI                  Ceremonial bow from seated position.

 

ZAZEN                  Seated meditation.

 

ZENGO-UNDO             Two directional SHOMEN-UCHI IKKYO-UNDO.

 

ZENPO                  Forward direction.

 

ZENPO-KAITEN           Spinning forward (as in ukemi forward roll)

 

ZENPO-NAGE             Forward throw.

 

ZENPOZUKI              Forward thrust with weapon.

 

ZENSHIN                To progress forward.

 

ZENSHIN-NAGE           To move forward and throw.

 

ZORI                   Sandals.

 

ZUJOGAESHI             Refering to "cover guard" with a weapon.